U.S. History timeline:

1786:  Edward Telfair was the 16th Governor of Georgia.

1790-1793:  Edward Telfair was the Governor of Georgia.

1807:  Dec 10, Telfair County (the 35th county) was created from Wilkinson County.  Telfair County is located in south-central Georgia. It is named after Edward Telfair, an important leader of Georgia during the Revolution and early days of statehood. He had just died when Telfair County was created from ceded Creek lands.  It is one of the oldest counties in Georgia.  It was built mostly by Scottish emigrants & Highlanders from the Carolinas.

1845-1855:  300,000 European immigrants entered the U.S. annually.

1847-1851:  George W. Towns was the Governor of Georgia.

1849-1886:  Apache Wars in the southwest between the US Army and various Apache nations.

1850:  Telfair County was mostly level and covered with extensive forests of pine.  The soil was sandy, but productive in the vicinity of the streams (Ocmulgee River, The Little Ocmulgee, Sugar Creek, and Hurricane Creek).  Indian corn, sweet potatoes, cotton, and sugar-cane were the staples.  Many of the inhabitants were engaged in the lumber business.

1850-1853:  Millard Fillmore was the 13th President.

1851-1853:  Howell Cobb, the Governor of Georgia, was one of the founding members of the Confederate States.

1852:  There were 22,000 miles of Telegraph lines in the U.S.   Congress approved funds for a demo telegraph between Baltimore & Washington.  It became operational in 1844.  The railroad industry quickly adopted this method of communication for their railway lines.

1853-1857:  Franklin Pierce was President.

1857:  Joseph E. Brown was the Governor of Georgia.  He ordered that State Records be removed from the city of Milledgeville, when Sherman’s army was marching to Savannah.  He enlisted the aid of State Prisoners in return for a pardon.  The prisoners assisted the removal and then joined the Milledgeville militia battalion.

1857:  The Supreme Court declares that slaves cannot be U.S. Citizens.  The Panic of 1857 was a financial panic in the United States caused by low grain prices.

1857-1861:  James Buchanan was President.

1859:  Georgia prohibits the post-mortum manumission of slaves by last will and testament. The state legislature votes to permit free blacks to be sold into slavery if they have been indicted as vagrants.

1860:  One-third of the nation’s income came from manufacturing.  There were 4 million slaves of African descent in the US., worth $3 billion.  They were mainly owned by southern planters of cotton and sugar cane. An estimated 60% of the value of farms in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina was in slaves, with less than a third in land and buildings.  There were 10 million people living on farms.

1861-1865:  Abraham Lincoln was President.  Civil War period,

1861:  Georgia cedes from the Union, and becomes a part of the Confederate States.

1862:  Homestead Act.  The Griswold Cotton Gin Company produces their first revolving pistols for the Confederate Army.

1863:  Congress passes the Civil War Conscription Act

1864:  Sherman enters Atlanta and captures Savannah.

1865:  The Confederate Army surrenders.

1865-1868:  Charles J. Jenkins was the Governor of Georgia.

1865-1869:  Andrew Johnson was President.

1866:  Congress passes the Civil Rights Act (all persons born in the US are citizens).

1866:  April 26 is the first Confederate Memorial Day.

1869-1877:  Ulysses S. Grant was President.

1870:  McRae became the county seat of Telfair County.

1875:  Civil Rights Act (all persons are treated equal).

1876:  Telephones were invented for local calls.

1877-1881:  Rutherford Hayes was President.

1880:  Thomas Edison patented his  long lasting incandescent light bulb and a system for distributing electrical power.   There were 22 million people living on farms.

1881:  James A. Garfield was President.

1881-1885:  Chester A. Arthur was President.

1883:  The Supreme Court rules the 1875 Civil Rights Act unconstitutional.

1885-1889:  Grover Cleveland was President.

1888:  Electric street railways were introduced.

1889-1893:  Benjamin Harrison was President.

1890:  AC power began being widely introduced.  Long distance calling was available.

1893-1897:  Grover Cleveland was President.

1895:  Telfair County Atlas Map of 1895

1896:  The Supreme Court allows segregated schools, provided the facilities are equal.

1897-1901:  William McKinley was President.

1898:  The U.S. goes to war with Spain.

1899:  The boll weevil crosses the Rio Grande from Mexico.

1901:  Oil is discovered in Texas.

1901-1909:  Theodore Roosevelt was President.

1905:  There were 31 million people living on farms.

1908:  Henry Ford starts making the Model-T.

1909-1913:  William Howard Taft was President.

1913-1921:  Woodrow Wilson was President.

1914:  World War I began.

1917:  The U.S. declares war on Germany.

1918:  Germany surrenders.

1920:  Women gain the right to vote in Federal elections.  Prohibition begins.  The economy booms (radios and cars are common).

1920-1921:  The Depression era was characterized by extreme deflation, the largest one-year percentage decline in around 140 years of data, estimated at 18%.

1921:  Boll weevil cuts Georgia and South Carolina Cotton production in half.

1921-1923:  Warren G. Harding was President.

1923-1929:  Calvin Coolidge was President.

1934:  Feb 10.  The The courthouse at McRae burned, but a fire-proof record vault prevented any damage to county records.

 

 

SOURCES

Economic History of the U.S.

A Timeline of American History

Timeline Guide to U.S. Presidents

List of Wars 1800-1899

Georgia History Timeline

Georgia Historical Society

List of Governors of Georgia

Telfair County, Georgia Genealogy

Gazetteer of the U.S. American Confederacy

Telfair County History and Geography

Vanishing South Georgia Photographs of Telfair County